Research Report Writing Steps & Format

Research Report Writing Steps & Format
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Research report writing in effect regardless of the nature of your research study not only organizes your thoughts and research work but also serves as the template for the entire Research Process. Actually, the research report writing steps & format acts as a visual reminder so that you can include every detail of your research work. If you are a beginner in a research report writing, then it is more essential in order to write rightly your invaluable research paper.

How Research Report Writing Would Be

The purpose of the research report writing is to deliver the results of the research to the interested person as far as possible and publish it in a coherent way so that the reader understands the information. Thus, the reader can determine the rationale of the research study itself. So, while you write down your own research report keep in mind the following factors well. Though, there is no fixed structure or rule of writing a research report.

(A) The report will agree realistically. Its report would be real based on the data obtained in the study.

(B) It will be complete. The researcher should be aware that all the things are included as per the purpose of the research study.

(C) It will be as short as possible. This does not mean that it is necessary to summarize without discussing the necessary issues. In fact, it is big enough to discuss essential issues in details but short for unnecessary subject matters.

(D) The language of the report would be so clear and understandable. The report should use words that take into account the reader’s interest in reading the report.

(E) The researcher would be intellectually honest.

(F) The report will be readable so that the reader feel interested in reading it.   

Research Report Writing Steps

The researcher would write the research report in a step by step process. The essential steps in research report writing might be as follows:

Step-1: Organizing the Research Report

Thinking about how the data collected for the study will be structured. Research problems can have different sides. Information can be of different types. All this information should be arranged in a systematic and consistent manner in the light of research questions and assumptions.

Step-2: Preparing an Outline

The other important thing about writing a report is to create an outline that gives you an overall outlook on the topic of the study. Adjust the order of the items to be included in the report. Then, understand the title, the most important issues and its overview.

Step-3: Writing a Draft Report

After creating the report outline, the researcher will start writing the report based on the information received according to that outline. But first, make a draft report. Then, examine the draft report, find out mistakes, edit and make changes.

Step-4: Report Writing as per Objectives

The researcher needs to be very aware of the purpose of the study from the beginning of the report preparation. Writing reports according to the purpose of research reduces the opportunity for discussion of irrelevant issues of course.

Research Report Writing Format

A research report has three basic parts.

Firstly, primary things, for example-research title, introduction, acknowledgements, & table of contents etc. 

Secondly, the main part, research discussion or research findings. The main part will necessarily be divided into some chapters.

Then, relevant issues, for example-annexure, bibliography etc.     

An Ideal Research Report Sample

Title of the Research

Population Trends in Bangladesh: Prospects & Challenges to Ensure Sustainable Development




Table of Contents

Chapter-1: Introduction


Statement of the Problem

Basic Concepts & Definitions  

Objectives of the Research

Research Methodology


Chapter-2: Literature Review

Chapter-3: Research Findings  

Population Trends in Bangladesh


Population Distribution

Population Size

Distribution of Population  by Division

Population Growth

The Prospects of Bangladesh 


Economic Prospects

Social Prospects

Human Resource

Natural Resource

Prospects of ICT

Sustainable Development in Bangladesh


Key Factors to Sustainable Development

Economic Development

Social Development

Challenges of Sustainable Development in Bangladesh

Chapter-4: Conclusion