Research Process involves a number of distinct steps in research work. The research process begins when the investigation starts. It ends with the reporting of the research findings. A researcher goes through the entire process while conducting research. In this post, I will describe conspicuously the research process steps in order to provide the complete guidelines on how do you conduct research work. At first, let us know the research process outline.
The research process is a process of multiple scientific steps in conducting research work. Each step is interlinked with other steps. The process starts with the research problem at first. Then it advances in the next steps sequentially. Generally, a researcher conducts research work within seven steps. In research work, at first, you require a Research Proposal. It is because of the proposal approves the research project whether you achieve the ability to conduct research.
Research Process Steps
Research process normally takes the following seven steps in a sequential manner.
Defining the Research Problem
All research sets in a research problem definitely. Factual ignorance may be the research problem. We would simply intend to enrich our knowledge of social processes or institutions. A researcher may investigate to answer the questions, for example, “How technology affects the socialization process?” “How do women employment improve women empowerment?” (Research Process Outline)
However, the research problem comes up with the ongoing phenomenon or issues. One research project may significantly lead to another research work. Because it explores issues that the researcher did not think previously.
Review of Literature
Once the research problem is defined, the next step is to review the existing research evidence. To clarify that to study the available research resources related to the problem. For example, it may be the previous research that has already made a clear statement of the problem. The researcher takes into account how useful the previous research that exists. Did previous researchers investigate the same problem? How do they resolve it? What aspects of the problem has remained unsolved?
Formulating a Hypothesis
In this step, the researcher makes the problem precise. What the researcher intends to test? What is the relationship between variables?
Then the researcher steps forward to how the problem would be approached? The nature of the research problem can decide to formulate a definite hypothesis. A hypothesis is tested. Effective research work formulates a hypothesis in such a way that collected factual data will provide evidence that either supports or disproves them.
Working out Research Design
The researcher then must find out a research design. Research design decides how the research materials will be collected. One or more research methods, for example, experiment, survey, interview etc are chosen depending on the research objectives. In some research context, a survey may be suitable. In other facts, interview or case study or observation might be more appropriate. (Research Process Outline)
Carry out the Research Process
While the research design is decided, then the researcher collects data, records information. Researcher proceeds with the research. Practical difficulties may arise in this stage. For example, the research method may not suit properly. The interviewer might be unwilling to let carry out the research as planned. Moreover, a false interpretation could potentially bias the result of the study.
Interpret your Result
Now work out the implications of the data you gathered. Your challenges are not over yet. Rather problems might just begin! It is hardly easy to clear out the implications of the gathered materials. While it is possible to clarify the research questions, some investigations are, in the end, less conclusive.
Reporting the Research Findings
The final step is to report the findings. Describe the significance of the research study. Work out how do they relate to the previous research findings. Usually, the research report published as a journal article or book. This is the last stage in terms of the individual research project. Mostly, a research report discusses questions that remained unanswered & suggest further research in future.
This also signifies how do you write your research paper. You must write your research findings in a proper way. So, we suggest going through research raper writing format with Sample.
Research Process Outline
At last, here is a checklist of the seven Research Process steps.
- Define the research problem.
- Review the literature.
- Formulate a hypothesis.
- Select a research design.
- Carry out the research.
- Interpret your results.
- Report the research findings.
How do you define the research problem? Or formulate your research question?
You may go through Step-1